Lesson Plan Preparation
What is a lesson?
A lesson is a planned set of learning activities designed to achieve a specific learning outcome.
What is a lesson plan?
A lesson plan is a teacher’s road map.
It describes what the instructor will be teaching (content) and how the material will be taught (methods).
Ideally, it provides a framework by which the teacher prepares for, delivers and assesses instruction.
As a general guideline, a written lesson plan should contain a clear enough set of directions that a person knowledgeable in the subject matter could effectively deliver the lesson.
What is the importance of making a lesson plan?
ü forces us to think through WHAT we want the students to learn
ü requires us to think through HOW we will teach it
ü helps us decide in advance what equipment, supplies, and materials we will need
ü provides structure for both teacher and students
ü increases the likelihood that learning will occur
How to develop a Lesson Plan
A well developed lesson plan reflects interests and needs of students.
It incorporates best practices for the educational field.
The lesson plan correlates with the teacher's philosophy of education, which is what the teacher feels is the purpose of educating the students.
What are objectives?
In teaching a lesson, it is vital to construct objectives.
Instructional objectives describe what your students are expected to learn as a result of your instruction.
Objectives are written in terms of student outcomes (i.e., the behaviors that students will perform as a result of your teaching), not teacher activity, and are usually preceded by the phrase “Students will be able to”.
The teacher must ensure the lesson plan goals are compatible with the developmental level of the students.
The teacher must also ensure their student achievement expectations are reasonable.
Objectives must target the three learning domain.
1. Cognitive Domain –knowledge based; Mental skills
2. Psychomotor Domain –Skills based; Manual or physical skills
3. Affective Domain –attitudinal based; Feelings or emotion
The Lesson Plan
I. Learning objectives
At the end of the lesson, each student should be able to….
II. Learning Content
A. Subject Matter/Topic
B. Time Allotment
C. Instructional Materials
III. Learning Experiences
A. Motivation – Attention Grabber
B. Learning Activities
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|Lesson Plan Preparation||
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